Prime Minister of Laeral

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Prime Minister of the
Second Allied Provinces of Laeral
LaeralSeal.png
Seal of Laeral
NicolasMartinPortrait.jpg
Incumbent
Nicolas Martin

since June 4, 2019
StyleMister/Madam Prime Minister, or His/Her Excellency
Reports toLaeralian Assembly of Commons
AppointerPresident of Laeral
By holding the confidence of the National Assembly
Term length
While they hold the confidence of the National Assembly
Formation1954
First holderSun Jia-wei
SalaryLRM200,000
Websitenationalassembly.gov.lr/pm

The Prime Minister of the Second Allied Provinces of Laeral (French: Premier Ministre Laeralien) is the head of government of Laeral under the constitution of 1954. Although the position of Prime Minister existed under the Republic of Laeral, this position was clearly subordinate to that of the president; prior to that, the Prime Minister was the head of state and head of government under the First Allied Provinces of Laeral.

The prime minister is the holder of the second-highest office in Laeral, and can be nominated (but not appointed or dismissed) by the president. The government of Laeral, referring to the prime minister and his or her ministers, is appointed by majority vote in the Assembly of Commons, and is accountable to that body through a vote of no-confidence. The prime minister presides over meetings of the Council of State (also known as the cabinet). The actual power of the Prime Minister with regards to that of the President varies based on the parties controlling the National Assembly; when the presidency and the legislature are controlled by the same party, the president typically takes the leading role in implementing party policy through the legislature, but when the two are of different parties, the prime minister's majority in the National Assembly leaves them better-able to execute policy decisions.

The current Prime Minister is Nicolas Martin of the New Democratic Alliance, who was selected by the National Assembly on June 4th, 2019.

Nomination[edit | edit source]

The president possesses the sole ability to nominate a candidate for Prime Minister, but this choice must be approved by simple-majority vote of all voting members of the Assembly of Commons (the investitute vote). As such, the president is often compelled to nominate whichever candidate can muster a majority in the Commons, even if this candidate is of a different party. For example, in 1973 President Joseph Carlier, a Progressive, was forced to nominate Paul Evrard, of the Laeralian National Congress, as prime minister when it became clear that Carlier's preferred left-wing coalition could not muster the votes to take power.

The prime minister is not required to be a member of the Assembly of Commons or even hold elected office, although in practice the majority of prime ministers are serving members of the National Assembly. Moïse Sellem, for instance, was a career civil servant who had risen as high as Chief Cabinet Secretary, the highest-ranking official of the Laeralian civil service, before being appointed as prime minister by President Gramont.

Role[edit | edit source]

The prime minister is responsible for "directing the actions of the government", primarily through chairing the meetings of the Council of State. The prime minister typically exerts major influence over the direction of legislation in the National Assembly. In the event of the death or incapacitation of the president, the prime minister serves as their replacement until a special election is held.

Officeholders[edit | edit source]

Laeral has had 21 prime ministers, of which the incumbent is Nicolas Martin, of the New Democratic Alliance (Laeral). The three longest-serving prime ministers were Li Suilang (7 years, 7 months, and 10 days), Sun Jia-wei (7 years, 2 months, and 12 days), and Léon Zeng (6 years, 5 months, and 23 days). The shortest-serving prime minister was Germain Rouquet, who served for just 179 days. Three prime ministers (Georges Auriol, Paul Evrard, and Michel Baudry) were later elected president of Laeral, while several others, including Sun Jia-wei, Felix Maurel, and Monique Courtin, have sought the presidency as candidates. The first woman to become prime minister was Monique Courtin, while the second woman was Tanvi Misra. The Laeralian People's Party has produced more prime ministers than any other party, with four. Every prime minister has been Rén or Arrivée with the exception of Tanvi Misra. Laeral's prime ministers have originated from a variety of faiths; notably, Moïse Sellem remains the only Jewish person to hold significant political office in Laeral.


Prime Ministers of the Second Allied Provinces of Laeral

Color key
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Parties in Government Election(s)
1 SunJia-wei.jpg Sun Jia-wei
(1887-1964)
1 July
1954
12 September
1961
Social Democratic (1954-1958); Social Democratic, Communist, Liennese National Conference (1958-1961) 1954, 1958
2 TsaiMing-yan.jpg Tsai Ming-yan
(1898-1967)
12 September
1961
12 March
1964
Social Democratic, Communist, Liennese National Conference 1962
3 GeorgesAuriol.jpg Georges Auriol
(1897–1980)
12 March
1964
26 May
1964
Laeralian National Congress, National Peasant's 1964
4 MoiseSellem.jpg Moïse Sellem
(1904-1986)
26 May
1964
19 February
1965
Unclear (National Assembly suspended) (1964); Social Democratic (1964); Majority of parties (1964-1965) N/A
5 EmmanuelJenet.jpg Emmanuel Jenet
(1911-1978)
19 February
1965
18 January
1969
Laeralian National Congress, Citizen's Movement 1965
6 ZhouWei-lin.jpg Zhou Wei-lin
(1898-1976)
18 January
1969
18 January
1971
Progressive, Republic 1969
7 RenJian-kuan.jpg Ren Jian-kuan
(1905-1993)
1 February
1971
14 January
1973
Progressive, Republic 1969
8 PaulEvrard.jpg Paul Evrard
(1926–2007)
14 January
1973
6 January
1977
Laeralian National Congress, Progressive 1972
9 FelixMaurel.jpg Felix Maurel
(1912-2002)
6 January
1977
7 January
1981
Progressive, Republic, Communist 1976
10 LeonZeng.jpg Léon Zeng
(1927–2005)
7 January
1981
29 June
1987
Conservative, People First Democratic, Laeralian National Congress 1980,1984
11 MichelBaudry.jpg Michel Baudry
(1929–2015)
29 June
1987
6 January
1989
Laeralian People's, Conservative 1987
12 LiSuilang.jpg Li Suilang
(1923-2018)
6 January
1989
15 August
1996
Laeralian People's, Conservative (1989-1993); Laeralian People's (1993-1996) 1989, 1993
13 GermainRouquet.jpg Germain Rouquet
(1918-2009)
15 August
1996
9 February
1997
Laeralian People's 1993
14 AurelienDemange.jpg Aurélien Demange
(1953- )
9 February
1997
7 January
2000
Socialist, Progressive 1996
15 LiaoQinjun.jpg Liao Qinjun
(1935- )
7 January
2000
4 September
2003
Socialist 2000
16 MoniqueCourtin.jpg Monique Courtin
(1953- )
4 September
2003
9 January
2007
Socialist (2003-2004);Socialist, Progressive (2004-2007) 2000, 2004
17 WuTaiqin.jpg Wu Taiqin
(1949- )
9 January
2007
16 April
2009
People's Party, Conservative 2007
18 ChenTing-fei.jpg Chen Ting-fei
(1952- )
16 April
2009
31 July
2012
Progressive, Socialist 2009
19 GeraldBarre.jpg Gérald Barre
(1948- )
31 July
2012
7 January
2015
Conservative, Progressive 2010
20 TanviMisra2.jpg Tanvi Misra
(1959- )
7 January
2015
4 June
2019
Progressive, Conservative, Socialist 2014
21 NicolasMartinPortrait.jpg Nicolas Martin
(1963- )
4 June
2019
Incumbent Progressive, New Democratic, Conservative, Green 2018