National Assembly (Laeral)
|Founded||September 1, 1954|
|Preceded by||National Assembly (Republic of Laeral)|
President of the General Assembly
Speaker of the Assembly of Commons
Émeric André, Progressive Party of Laeral
General Assembly political groups
Assembly of Commons political groups
General Assembly voting system
|Province-based Ranked-Choice Voting|
Assembly of Commons voting system
|Party-list Proportional Representation|
Hall of the Provinces, Assembly Hall, Laeralsford
The National Assembly (French: Assemblée Nationale, Mandarin: 國民議會/Guómín Yìhuì) is the bicameral legislature of Laeral, consisting of the Assembly of Commons and the General Assembly. The National Assembly was created by the Laeralian Constitution, which defined the National Assembly as the legislative branch of the Second Allied Provinces of Laeral.
Both houses meet at Assembly Hall in Laeralsford. The National Assembly is elected through universal, free, equal, and direct suffrage, and is composed of 452 members: 66 Delegates of the General Assembly and 386 Representatives of the Assembly of Commons. Delegates are elected at the provincial level through ranked-choice voting, with two per province as well as two non-voting members from the legation city of Xianjiapo, with elections staggered so that one-third of members are up for election every two years. Representatives are elected through nationwide party-list proportional representation every four years or whenever a snap election is called.
The National Assembly is responsible for confirming the Prime Minister of Laeral and their government; specifically, the Prime Minister and their government must receive a majority of votes cast within the National Assembly, and may be dismissed through a vote of no confidence.
History[edit | edit source]
Under the rule of Duchess Marie-Therese of the Duchy of High Fells, the territory now including Laeral had an Assembly of Notables, with limited legislative power and consisting primarily of noblemen, beginning in 1819. The majority of seats were inherited by the nobility of the duchy, although some seats were elected by a small electorate of landholding male gentry. The Assembly of Notables met in Queensgrace and elected a Prime Minister to advise the duke or duchess.
Following the Laeralian victory in the Laeralian War of Independence, the Binding Charter established the Assembly of Commons and the General Assembly, although members of the Assembly of Commons were elected from single-member districts and members of the General Assembly were selected by the provincial legislatures. It is from this that the nomenclature for members of the General Assembly is derived, as "delegates" acted as envoys conveying the wishes of their provincial legislature to the national legislature. The Prime Minister was elected by the National Assembly under the parliamentary system in use during this period. As seen in the War of the Seven Provinces, the National Assembly was weak and largely unable to effectively coordinate the actions of the various provinces, although charismatic prime ministers were able to maintain stable and relatively long-lasting ministries.
Under the Republic of Laeral established after the Laeralian Civil War, the unicameral National Assembly elected members through proportional representation and first-past-the-post constituencies, with a proportional representation threshold set at 10%. The ruling Social Democrats won absolute majorities throughout the period of the Republic of Laeral, limiting the ability to which individual, independent, and opposition legislators could affect decision-making.